Tobacco Usage among Males in Rural Tamil Nadu, India: A Cross-sectional Study
Background: Knowing the prevalence of tobacco use and the socio-demographic profile of users might prove useful in further strengthening the information, education, communication and regulatory activities, thereby decreasing tobacco use. The objective was to study the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among men aged 18 years and above in rural area of Tamil Nadu. Methods: A cross sectional study was performed among 714 males aged 18 years and above in Vadagarai village of Tamil Nadu during 2010 and interviewed with a pretested questionnaire. Systematic random sampling was used to select the participants. Results: Prevalence of smoking was found to be 36.7%. Cigarette smoking was more common than beedi and smokeless tobacco. Conclusion: Strict enforcement of anti-tobacco legislation and awareness measures targeting ill-effects of tobacco can be intensified to reduce tobacco related morbidity and mortality.
2. Tarveen Jandoo, Ravi M. Tobacco Control in India: Present Scenario and Challenges Ahead. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2008;9(4):805-10.
3. Bhonsle RB, Murti PR, Gupta PC. Tobacco habits in India. In: Gupta PC, Hamner J III, Murti P (eds). Control of tobacco-related cancers and other diseases. Proceedings of an International Symposium, 15.19 January 1990; Mumbai: TIFR, Oxford University Press; 1992:25.46.
4. Government of India. The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003, and rules framed there under.
5. International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International. 2007. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06: India: Volume I.
6. Kaur P, Rao SR, Radhakrishnan E, Ramachandran R, Venkatachalam R, Gupte MD. High prevalence of tobacco use, alcohol use and overweight in a rural population of Tamil Nadu, India. J Postgrad Med. 2011; 57(1):9-15
7. Vivek Gupta, Kapil Yadav, Anand K. Patterns of tobacco use across Rural, Urban, and Urban-Slum Populations in a North Indian Community. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(2):245–51.
8. Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, Nguyen SN, Jamjoum L. Tobacco use in India: pre¬valence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. Tob Control. 2003;12(4):1-8
9. Daniel AB, Nagaraj K, Kamath R. Prevalence and determinants of tobacco use in a highly literate rural community in southern India. Natl Med J India. 2008;21(4):163-5.
10. Centers for Disease Control, current cigarette smoking among adults— United States, 2011. MMWR. 2012;61:889–94.
11. Harris M, Buerhaus P, Needleman J. Prevalence of Smoking in China in 2010. N Engl J Med. 2011:364(25):2469-70.
12. Chaudhry K, Prabhakar AK, Prabhakaran PS, Prasad A, Singh K, Singh A. Prevalence of tobacco use in Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh in India. Final report of the study by the Indian Council of Medical Research and the WHO South East Asian Regional Office, New Delhi; 2001.
13. Narayan K.M, Chadha, R. L. Hanson, R. Tandon, S. Shekhawat, R. J. Fer¬nandes, and N. Gopinath. Prevalence and patterns of smoking in Delhi: cross sectional study. BMJ. 1996;312(7046):1576-9
14. Ram B Singh Surendra Singh, Pronobesh Chattopadhya, Kalpana Singh, Vi¬jender Singh, Shallendra K Kulshrestha et al. Tobacco consumption in relation to causes of death in an urban population of north India. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2007;2(2):177–85.
15. Suryakantha AH. Demography. Community Medicine with recent advan¬ces. 2nd edition. Bengaluru, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers(P) Ltd; 2010.p.591.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
Enforcement of copyright
The IJMS takes the protection of copyright very seriously.
If the IJMS discovers that you have used its copyright materials in contravention of the license above, the IJMS may bring legal proceedings against you seeking reparation and an injunction to stop you using those materials. You could also be ordered to pay legal costs.
If you become aware of any use of the IJMS' copyright materials that contravenes or may contravene the license above, please report this by email to email@example.com
If you become aware of any material on the website that you believe infringes your or any other person's copyright, please report this by email to firstname.lastname@example.org