Benefits and Drawbacks of Online Open-Book Examinations for Medical Students in the COVID-19 Pandemic
Jervis CG, Brown LR. The prospects of sitting ‘end of year’ open book exams in the light of COVID-19: A medical student’s perspective. Med Teach. 2020 May 20;42(7):1–2.
Myyry L, Joutsenvirta T. Open-book, open-web online examinations: Developing examination practices to support university students’ learning and self-efficacy. Active Learn High Educ. 2015 Mar 25;16(2):119–32.
Choi B, Jegatheeswaran L, Minocha A, Alhilani M, Nakhoul M, Mutengesa E. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on final year medical students in the United Kingdom: a national survey. BMC Medical Educ. 2020 Jun 29;20(1):1-11.
Sam AH, Westacott R, Gurnell M, Wilson R, Meeran K, Brown C. Comparing single-best-answer and very-short-answer questions for the assessment of applied medical knowledge in 20 UK medical schools: Cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2019 Sep;9(9):e032550.
Bird JB, Olvet DM, Willey JM, Brenner J. Patients don’t come with multiple choice options: essay-based assessment in UME. Medical Edu Online. 2019 Jan 1;24(1):1649959.
Suseanu A-I. Experiences of a London Medical Student in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int J Med Students. 2020 Jul 10;8(2):183-5.
Farooqui F, Saeed N, Aaraj S, Sami MA, Amir M. A Comparison Between Written Assessment Methods: Multiple-choice and Short Answer Questions in End-of-clerkship Examinations for Final Year Medical Students. Cureus. 2018 Dec 24;10(12):e3773
Salam A, Yousuf R, Bakar SMA. Multiple Choice Questions in Medical Education: How to Construct High Quality Questions. Int J Hum Health Sci. 2020 Jan 12;4(2):79.
Krasne S, Wimmers PF, Relan A, Drake TA. Differential Effects of Two Types of Formative Assessment in Predicting Performance of First-year Medical Students. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2006 May;11(2):155–71.
Rummer R, Schweppe J, Schwede A. Open-Book Versus Closed-Book Tests in University Classes: A Field Experiment. Front Psychol. 2019 Mar 15;10:463.
Copyright (c) 2020 Shuja Yaqub, Hannah Suh, Hozafa Ali
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site; with the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from the Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Enforcement of copyright
The IJMS takes the protection of copyright very seriously.
If the IJMS discovers that you have used its copyright materials in contravention of the license above, the IJMS may bring legal proceedings against you seeking reparation and an injunction to stop you using those materials. You could also be ordered to pay legal costs.
If you become aware of any use of the IJMS' copyright materials that contravenes or may contravene the license above, please report this by email to email@example.com
If you become aware of any material on the website that you believe infringes your or any other person's copyright, please report this by email to firstname.lastname@example.org