Frequency and Correlation of Body Mass Index and Waist-Hip Ratio with Fasting Glycemia and Blood Pressure in High School Students from Mexico

  • Lourdes Adriana Medina-Gaona Student of the third semester of the career in Medicine Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Mexico City Campus, Mexico
  • Nallely Enríquez-Sánchez Student of the third semester of the career in Biotechnology Engineering Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Mexico City Campus, Mexico.
  • Carla Elizabeth Mejía- Ramírez Student of the third semester of the career in Biomedical Engineering Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Mexico City Campus, Mexico.
  • Nathalia de Jesús Orueta-Mondragón
  • Heriberto Medina-Franco MD, Specialist in Oncological Surgery, Ascribed Surgeon of the Surgery Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición “Salvador Zubirán” Mexico City, Mexico.
  • Yareri Sandoval-Morales Nutritionist, Student of the third semester of the Masters in Clinical Nutrition Escuela de Dietética y Nutrición del Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado Mexico City, Mexico.
  • Tanya Plett Torres Pharmaceutical Biological Chemist, MSc and PhD (Health Sciences), Head of teaching of the MD/PhD program, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

Background: Overweight/obesity is a global public health problem in children, adolescents and adults. Its frequency is simultaneously increasing with the one for diabetes and hypertension, health expenses and poor quality of life. Thus, detecting overweight/obesity early in life promises a positive impact in the world’s health. 

Methods: Fasting glycemia, blood pressure, anthropometric characteristics, age, sex, weekly frequency of exercise, daily number of meals and familial history of diseases we explored in students of a Mexican private high school. Sex and skipping meals differences of mean values and dichotomized glycemia, blood pressure and anthropometric characteristics were evaluated.

Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the 115 students that participated was 26% and 7%, respectively. Fasting glycemia was higher in students ≤17 years (91.45±7.96, p=0.037). All hyperglycemic students were women and showed a high frequency of android fat (75%, p=0.007). Skipping meals was common in students with familial hypertension (85%, p=0.005). Mean systolic (107.24±12.3, p=0.003) and diastolic values (76.27±13.01, p=0.033) were higher with overweight and systolic values (118.63±18.38, p=0.048) in obesity. Men had a higher frequency of systolic (68%, p=0.001) and diastolic (54%, p=0.023) prehypertension/hypertension while systolic prehypertension/hypertension was common in overweight students (53%, p=0.008).

Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight was higher and of obesity was lower than the one reported in ENSANUT 2012 (21.6% and 13.3%, respectively). Sex differences in blood glucose and pressure were obtained, being men with higher blood pressure and women with abdominal fat with higher fasting glycemia. Systolic blood pressure was higher with overweight and obesity

Key Words: Body Mass Index, Waist-Hip Ratio, blood glucose, blood pressure, students (Source: MeSH-NLM).

Published
2018-07-23
How to Cite
Medina-Gaona, L., Enríquez-Sánchez, N., Mejía- Ramírez, C., de Jesús Orueta-Mondragón, N., Medina-Franco, H., Sandoval-Morales, Y., & Torres, T. (2018). Frequency and Correlation of Body Mass Index and Waist-Hip Ratio with Fasting Glycemia and Blood Pressure in High School Students from Mexico. International Journal of Medical Students. Retrieved from http://ijms.info/index.php/IJMS/article/view/4
Section
Original Article