Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards Medication Use among Health Care Students in King Saud University

  • Abdullah T. Eissa College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Students, Health Occupationsm

Abstract

Background: Health sciences students are expected to have appropriate knowledge and attitudes toward medication use. However, literary evidence of such expertise among health sciences students of King Saud University is unknown. This study was completed to assess the knowledge about medicines and behavior of health science students towards safe use of medications. It also aims to assess the health knowledge, attitude and practices of the students. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a questionnaire consisting of 24 questions. This was administered by the researcher between October and December 2009 in the colleges of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, applied medical science and nursing of the King Saud University. The survey consisted of three parts: Ten questions assessed the students’ knowledge on drug safety (Part 1). Four questions assessed student attitude toward medication consultations by the pharmacist (Part 2) and ten questions involved medication use practices and consultation with pharmacists (Part 3). A stratified sampling method was used to select participants. Results: Pharmacy students had better medication knowledge compared to other health sciences students especially regarding antihypertensive drugs, antibiotics, paracetamol and antacids (p<0.05). Pharmacy students showed a positive attitude regarding the trustworthiness of a pharmacist to give a consultation. Nearly all other health science students showed a negative attitude about dispensing and consultation concerning nutritional supplements by a pharmacist. All health sciences students had a similar per­ception toward medication use and practice. Conclusion: Pharmacy students had better knowledge about medication practice compared to other health sciences students. All other health sciences students lacked the appropriate attitude and practice related to the safe use of medications

Author Biography

Abdullah T. Eissa, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University For Health Sciences.

References

1. Ranking Web of World Universities [internet]. 2010 [cited2010 July] Available from: http://www.webometrics.info/top12000.asp.
2. Academic Ranking of World Universities [internet]. 2010[cited 2010]. Available from: http://www.arwu.org/ARWU2010.jsp#.
3. Hsio F, Lee J, Huang W, Chen S, Chen H. Survey of medication knowledge and behaviors among college students in Taiwan. Am J Pharm Educ 2006;70(2):30.
4. Agrawal J, Huebner J, Hedgecock J et al. Medical Students’ Knowledge of the U.S. Health Care System and Their Preferences for Curricular Change: A National Survey Academic Medicine. Academic Medicine 2005;80(5); 484–488
5. James H, Handu SS, Al Khaja KA, Otoom S, Sequeira RP. Evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among first-year medical students. Med Princ Pract 2006;15(4):270-5
6. Halterman-Cox M, Sierpina V, Sadoski M, Sanders C. CAM Attitudes in first- and second-year medical students: A pre- and post-course survey. Integrative Medicine 2009;7(6):34-42.
7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth risk behavior surveillance: National College health risk behavior survey - United States. MMWR. 1997;46(SS-6):1-54.
8. Azmi M, Hassali A, Stewart K, Kong D. A national survey on knowledge and perceptions of senior medical students in Australia about generic medicines. Med J Aust 2008;188(2):120-128.
Published
2013-08-31
How to Cite
Eissa, A. T. (2013). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards Medication Use among Health Care Students in King Saud University. International Journal of Medical Students, 1(2), 66-69. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2013.205
Section
Original Article