Smoking habits among medical students: a survey at the University of Prishtina Faculty of Medicine

  • Albina Fejza
  • Fatjeta Maraj
  • Hajrullah Fejza
Keywords: smoking, medical students, Kosovo

Abstract

Background: Smoking is a common habit among the population in Kosovo. In the country, smoking occurs in public places, health and educational institutions despite being prohibited by law. Our objective was to describe smoking habits, knowledge and attitudes among medical students from all departments in the University of Prishtina, Faculty of Medicine.

Methods: The present study followed the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) standardized methodology including data processing procedures. A self-administered questionnaire used was derived from the GHPSS. A total of 600 students were invited in the study while 470 returned questionnaires and participated in the study. Descriptive statistics were used to present the data. The Fisher’s exact test was used to test the significance and a p-value<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: The prevalence rate of smoking among students was 16.9% (95% CI 13.2-20). Current smokers were 79 students, 28.2 % males, and 7.7 % females. The study showed that 55.5% of students smoke less than a pack of cigarettes per day. Almost half of them (47.6%) who smoke reported to have a smoker inside the family.  This study also revealed that 74.7% of respondents smoke in the presence of non-smokers on daily bases.

Conclusion: Despite threating their own health, smokers also cause noxiousness to the society and medical students should be role models for the others by not smoking. Even though the percentage doesn’t show a high rate of smokers in Medical University of Prishtina, still we need to pay attention to bad smoking habits and try to lower even more the percentage of smokers.

References

1. Vanphanom Sychareun, Visanou Hansana, Molina Choummanivong, Soudavanh Nathavong, Kongmany Chaleunvong, Jo Durham. Cross-sectional survey: smoking among medical, pharmacy, dental and nursing students, University of Health Sciences, Lao PDR. BMJ Open 2013;3
2. Siraj O. Wali: Smoking habits among medical students in Western Saudi Arabia; Saudi Med J 2011; Vol. 32 (8): 843-848
3. M B Allen: Medical students' knowledge of smoking; http://thorax.bmj.com/ on December 20, 2016
4. Aseel H. Shemal: Smoking habits among medical students in Medical College – Wassit university, Journal of Babylon University/Pure and Applied Sciences/ No.(8)/ Vol.(21): 2013
5. Bianca Kusma, David Quarcoo, Karin Vitzthum, Tobias Welte, Stefanie Mache, Andreas Meyer-Falcke,David A Groneberg and Tobias Raupach. Berlin’s medical students' smoking habits, knowledge about smoking and attitudes toward smoking cessation counseling; Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2010, 5:9
6. Rodney M. Coe and Jerome D. Cohen: Cigarette Smoking among Medical Students; Am J Public Health 70:169-171,1980
7. Tetsuo Tamaki, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Takashi Ohida, Eise Yokoyama, Yoneatsu Osaki, Hideyuki Kanda, Shinji Takemura, and Kenji Hayashi. Smoking among Japanese medical students; J Epidemiol 2010;20(4):339-345
8. Anischenko A, Arhangelskaya A, Klenov M, Burdukova E, Ogarev V, Ignatov N, Osadchenko I, Gurevich K. Behavior Risk Factors Among Russian Students. Int Q Community Health Educ. 2017
9. Mony PK. Is tobacco use increasing among medical students of Bengaluru city, India? Evidence from two cross-sectional studies. Natl Med J India. 2016 Sep-Oct;29(5):274-276.
10. Stevenson JG, Oliver JA, Hallyburton MB, Sweitzer MM, Conklin CA, McClernon FJ. Smoking environment cues reduce ability to resist smoking as measured by a delay to smoking task. Addict Behav. 2017 Apr;67:49-52. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.12.007.
11. Byron MJ, Cohen JE, Frattaroli S, Gittelsohn J, Jernigan DH. Using the theory of normative social behavior to understand compliance with a smoke-free law in a middle-income country. Health Educ Res. 2016 Dec;31(6):738-748. Epub 2016 Oct 10.
12. Ashwin A. Patkar, Kevin Hill, Vikas Batra, Michael J. Vergare, Frank T. Leone. A Comparison of Smoking Habits among Medical and Nursing Students; Chest. 2003; 124(4):1415-1420
13. Virendra Vikram Singh, Zile Singh, A Banerjee, Shri Basannar. Determinants of Smoking Habit among Medical Students; MJAFI 2003; 59 : 209-211
14. Fatoohi, B., Gnesta, V. C. Prevalence and determinants of cigarette smoking among medical students in Mosul –Iraq; Sörmlands landsting , 2014
15. Haddad, Linda G , Malakeh Z Malak.Smoking habits and attitudes towards smoking among university students in Jordan. International Journal of Nursing Studies , 2002, Volume 39 , Issue 8 , 793 - 802
16. A. Azevedo, A.P. Machado, & H. Barros Tobacco smoking among Portuguese high-school students. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 1999, 77 (6)
17. Smith, PA Leggat. An international review of tobacco smoking among medical students.JPGM, 2007, Vol.53, 1, 55-62
18. Freda Patterson , Caryn Lerman , Vyga G Kaufmann , Geoffrey A Neuner , Janet Audrain-McGovern . Cigarette Smoking Practices Among American College Students: Review and Future Directions. Journal of American College Health. Vol.52 -5, 2004
19. Poluyi EO, Odukoya OO, Aina B3, Faseru B. Tobacco related knowledge and support for smoke-free policies among community pharmacists in Lagos state, Nigeria. Pharm Pract (Granada). 2015 Jan-Mar;13(1):486
20. Franks AS, Givens CB, Barger-Stevens A. Pharmacy residents and students as an adjunct to current smoking cessation education. Pharmacy Practice. 2012;10(2):92-96.
21. Philbrick AM, Newkirk EN, Farris KB, McDanel DL, Horner KE. Effect of a pharmacist managed smoking cessation clinic on quit rates. Pharmacy Practice. 2009;7(3):150-156.
22. Saba M, Bittoun R, Saini B. A Workshop on Smoking Cessation for Pharmacy Students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2013;77(9):198. doi:10.5688/ajpe779198.
23. Xavier LEDF, Bernardes-Souza B, Lisboa OC, Seeger W, Groneberg DA, Tran TA, Fries FN, Corrêa PCRP, Brinker TJ. A Medical Student–Delivered Smoking Prevention Program, Education Against Tobacco, for Secondary Schools in Brazil: Study Protocol for a Randomized Trial. JMIR Res Protoc 2017;6(1):e16
24. Turhan E, Inandi T, Col M, Bugdayci R, Eker O, Ilhan M. Smoking Cessation and Attitudes, Belief, Observation, and Education of Medical Students, in Turkey. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2016 Apr-Jun;54(202):55-62.
25. Chidiac JE, Mohamed A, Krishnamoorthy M, Mahmoud K, Rajasekaranrathnakumar G, Palla M, Levine DL. US Medical Schools' Awareness of Their Students Who Smoke, Cessation Programs Available, and the Potential Impact on Residency Match. Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 Oct 27.
Published
2018-05-05
How to Cite
Fejza, A., Maraj, F., & Fejza, H. (2018). Smoking habits among medical students: a survey at the University of Prishtina Faculty of Medicine. International Journal of Medical Students, 6(1). Retrieved from http://ijms.info/index.php/IJMS/article/view/40
Section
Original Article