Medical Students’ Awareness About Value-Based Health Care in Brazil: A Cross Sectional Study
Keywords:Delivery of Health Care, Health Care Costs, Medical Students, Brazil
Background: Rising healthcare costs demand a transition from the current fee-for-service to a Value-Based Health Care (VBHC) Model. This requires that all future doctors to understand the VBHC Model. We aimed to evaluate the VBHC awareness among Brazilian medical students and to identify it’s associated intrinsic/extrinsic factors through a survey-based, cross-sectional study.
Methods: An online survey was sent to students from Brazilian medical schools. A descriptive analysis based on participants' level of awareness about VBHC was performed. The categorical variables included were absolute and relative frequencies using chi-square tests. A multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was performed by calculating the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) to compare each response according to VBHC awareness.
Results: We collected 3030 responses from 148 Medical Schools across all Brazilian states. Medical students were compared into 2 groups; 1 was familiar with VBHC (14%; 426); 2 were not (86%; 2575). The univariate analysis showed that group 1 was more willing to share clinical outcomes/costs data related to their practice (57.04%) compared to 2 (48.12%), p<0.01. The multivariate analysis showed that internship experience was the most relevant factor associated with VBHC exposure (OR 4.32 [CI 95% 1.82 - 10.24]).
Conclusion: We found that few medical students understand VBHC concepts, and that exposure was due to self-education efforts. Our results suggest that medical schools have the potential to reinforce both intrinsic and extrinsic factors related to students with regards to VBHC knowledge in order to prepare future doctors to practice in a value-driven context.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Gustavo Hirt, Fernanda Gushken, Guilherme Borges Gomes da Silva, Daniel Lacerda Heringer, Luciano Castro Gomes de Mello, Daniel Tavares Malheiro, Marcia Makdisse
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