Medical & Dental Students' Perceptions of Health and Well-Being


  • Hassan Mumtaz Maroof International Hospital, Health Services Academy
  • Manahil Rahat Islamabad Medical and Dental College
  • Mehwish Javed Islamabad Medical and Dental College
  • Nadia Zohair Riphah International University
  • Shazia Qayyum Riphah International University



Wellness wheel, Physical wellness, Emotional wellness, Spiritual wellness, Medical education


Objective: As a way to examine how medical & dental students adhere to different dimensions of well-being within the framework of physical, emotional and spiritual well-being,

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study of Riphah International University's 300 medical & dental students from each gender was done from January to December 2010. Predictive Analysis Software (PASW) version 18 assessed the replies ranging from "no," "sometimes," "usually," and "yes/always" (numbered 0-4).

Results: The study population consisted of 287 out of the 300 questionnaires, or 95.7% of the total. A total of 103 men (35.89 percent) and 184 women (64.11 percent) participated in the poll. P values of 0.0159 and 0.0240 show that illness and athletic participation have an effect on physical well-being based on gender. Mood swings and family friends had p values of 0.0059 and 0.00, respectively, in relation to emotional well-being. P values of 0.0024 and 0.0116 show that prayer and spiritual fasting have an effect on spiritual well-being. It is clear that spiritual wellbeing is distinct from emotional and bodily wellness, as shown by Tukey's simultaneous comparison t-values (d.f. = 858).

Conclusion: As part of their basic curriculum, medical students should be taught stress and time management methods in order to better handle the stress and demands of practicing medicine. Colleges and institutions need to increase and enhance their research on gender bias in health and wellness.


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Author Biographies

Hassan Mumtaz, Maroof International Hospital, Health Services Academy

Clinical Research Associate: Maroof International Hospital Islamabad Pakistan

Public Health Scholar: Health Services Academy, Islamabad Pakistan

Manahil Rahat, Islamabad Medical and Dental College

Lecturer Pathology

Mehwish Javed, Islamabad Medical and Dental College

Lecturer Pathology

Nadia Zohair, Riphah International University

Assistant Professor Community Medicine

Shazia Qayyum, Riphah International University

Professor of Pathology



2022-12-31 — Updated on 2023-02-20


How to Cite

Mumtaz, H., Rahat, M., Javed, M., Zohair, N., & Qayyum, S. (2023). Medical & Dental Students’ Perceptions of Health and Well-Being. International Journal of Medical Students, 10, S199. (Original work published December 31, 2022)



Abstracts of the WCMSR