Pathology and Therapeutics of COVID-19: A Review

  • Haleema Anwar CMH Lahore Medical and Dental College,
  • Qudsia Umaira Khan CMH Lahore Medical and Dental College
Keywords: Pandemic, Phylogenetic Analysis, Differential Diagnosis, Incubation Period, Viral Genome

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic has taken over the world. Spreading from its epicenter in a seafood market in Wuhan, China to more than 200 countries, it has caused alarming situations. The viral infection is caused by an RNA virus called SARS-CoV-2. Its genome resembles the SARS-CoV-1 and MERS-CoV genome. COVID-19 cases were first reported in December 2019 in China, with infection causing a mild to severe respiratory disease. No antiviral drug for the infection has been shown to be effective, however many drugs are approved in the context of clinical trials. The review article will first present the structure of the SARS-CoV-2 and compare it to SARS-CoV-1 and MERS-CoV. The article will then highlight its effect on different organs. Finally, it will highlight the therapeutics which are in consideration and those which are being used.

Author Biographies

Haleema Anwar, CMH Lahore Medical and Dental College,

Medical student

Qudsia Umaira Khan, CMH Lahore Medical and Dental College

Assistant professor, Physiology department

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Published
2020-05-18
How to Cite
Anwar, H., & Khan, Q. U. (2020). Pathology and Therapeutics of COVID-19: A Review. International Journal of Medical Students, 8(2), 113-120. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2020.498
Section
Review