Prevalence of Psychological Distress Among Quarantined People in Trivandrum District During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2021.1063

Keywords:

Corona Virus Disease (COVID)-19, Quarantine, Depression, Anxiety, Stress

Abstract

Background: Quarantine is considered the most effective way to reduce the transmission of an infectious disease. The outbreak of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in 2020 led to many people being quarantined at various locations. The literature shows that people who undergo quarantine face psychological problems, such as depression, anxiety and stress. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychological issues among quarantined people during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Adults aged 18 years and above who underwent quarantine in the area of the Pangappara Medical Health Centre were included. A semi-structured questionnaire and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 were administered to those who had given their informed consent. Quantitative variables were summarized using mean, standard deviation, and categorical variables with proportions. Significance of association was tested using the chi-square tests.

Results: There were 143 participants included in the study. It was found that 23.8% had depressive symptoms, 14% had anxiety symptoms and 16.8% had significant stress. People from the age group of 26-40 years (p = 0.017), people from the higher educated group (p = 0.010) and non-resident Keralites (Keralites who were residing elsewhere and returned to Kerala during the pandemic) (p = 0.041) had the highest prevalence of depressive symptoms.

Conclusion: People who undergo quarantine face many psychological issues. The health care system should provide adequate psychosocial support to quarantined people suffering from psychological problems. Health care workers should undergo appropriate training to provide these supports.

Author Biographies

Sneha S Prakash, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

Undergraduate Medical Student,

Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram,

Kerala, India

Sneha Sabu, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

Undergraduate Medical Student,

Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram,

Kerala, India

Jayaprakash Raghavan, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

DPM, M.D. Paediatrics, PhD. Child Psychiatry,

Additional Professor and Child Psychiatrist,

Department of Paediatrics,

SAT Hospital,

Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram,

Kerala, India

Chintha Sujatha, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

M.D. Community Medicine,

Associate Professor,

Department of Community Medicine,

Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram,

Kerala, India.

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Published

2021-12-16 — Updated on 2022-01-06

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How to Cite

S Prakash, S., Sabu, S., Raghavan, J., & Sujatha, C. (2022). Prevalence of Psychological Distress Among Quarantined People in Trivandrum District During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Study. International Journal of Medical Students, 9(4), 269–273. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2021.1063 (Original work published December 16, 2021)

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