Women in Science: A Student Workshop at a University in Mexico


  • Daniela C. González-Cruz Sixth-year Medical Student. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3709-9326
  • Sofía Jezzini-Martínez Fifth-year Medical Student. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8932-4818
  • Paloma C. Leyva-Camacho Sixth-year Medical Student. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4416-2944
  • Ilse Janeth De la Rosa-Rodríguez Second-year Clinical Biochemistry Student. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5341-5045
  • Andrea Flores-Rodríguez MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5213-0304
  • Karina Raygoza-Cortez MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7896-9108
  • Mariana García-Leal MD. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6778-5119




Gender, Bias, Women, Science, Medicine, STEM


Women have participated in science since the earliest of times. However, their valuable contributions are not as widely acknowledged throughout our history and women still face several barriers throughout their professional career. We developed and hosted a half-day Women in Science seminar organized by students, for students. The main goal was to promote ways to involve more women in research activities and to strengthen the scientific community within our medical school. The workshop consisted of three main sections, where we shared relevant statistics, resources, and strategies among a community of students interested in science. At the end of the workshop, participants shared their insights proving the necessity and utility of such events to strengthen the development of science as an inclusive field.


Metrics Loading ...


Moss-Racusin CA, Dovidio JF, Brescoll VL, Graham MJ, Handelsman J. Science faculty's subtle gender biases favor male students. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109(41):16474-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1211286109

Masiero S, Aaltonen A. Gender Bias in Information Systems Research: A Literature Review. 2AISWN international Research Workshop on Women, IS and Grand Challenges 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3751440

Beede D, Julian T, Langdon D, McKittrick G, Khan B, Doms M. Women in STEM: A gender gap to innovation. SSRN Electronic Journal. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1964782

United Nations Educational Scientific, and Cultural Organization. STEM and Gender Advancement (SAGA): improved measurement of gender equality in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 2016. Available from: https://en.unesco.org/saga; updated 2018 Nov; cited 2022 Mar.

Roper RL. Does Gender Bias Still Affect Women in Science? Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2019;83(3). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/MMBR.00018-19

Pinho-Gomes AC, Vassallo A, Thompson K, Womersley K, Norton R, Woodward M. Representation of Women Among Editors in Chief of Leading Medical Journals. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(9):e2123026. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.23026

Gërxhani K, Kulic N, Liechti F. «Double standards? Co-authorship and gender bias in early stage academic hiring. LIVES Working papers. 2020;86:1-32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/dzk45

Lerchenmüller C, Lerchenmueller MJ, Sorenson O. Long-Term Analysis of Sex Differences in Prestigious Authorships in Cardiovascular Research Supported by the National Institutes of Health. Circulation. 2018;137(8):880-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.032325

Lerchenmüller C, Schmallenbach L, Jena AB, Lerchenmueller MJ. Longitudinal analyses of gender differences in first authorship publications related to COVID-19. BMJ Open. 2021;11(4):e045176. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045176

Hoff T, Lee DR. The gender pay gap in medicine: A systematic review. Health Care Manage Rev. 2021;46(3):E37-E49. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/HMR.0000000000000290

Retrouvey H, Jakubowski J, Lipa JE, Forrest C, Snell L. State of Gender Diversity and Equity Policies within Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in Canada. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2020;8(9):e3047. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000003047

Mohan H, Ali O, Gokani V, McGoldrick C, Smitham P, Fitzgerald JEF, Harries R. Surgical trainees' experience of pregnancy, maternity and paternity leave: a cross-sectional study. Postgrad Med J. 2019;95(1128):552-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/postgradmedj-2018-135952

Hu YY, Ellis RJ, Hewitt DB, Yang AD, Cheung EO, Moskowitz JT, Potts JR 3rd, Buyske J, Hoyt DB, Nasca TJ, Bilimoria KY. Discrimination, Abuse, Harassment, and Burnout in Surgical Residency Training. N Engl J Med. 2019;381(18):1741-52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa1903759

Johnson PA, Widnall SE, Benya FF, eds. Committee on the Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Academia, Committee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine, Policy and Global Affairs. Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17226/24994

Miller DI, Nolla KM, Eagly AH, Uttal DH. The Development of Children's Gender-Science Stereotypes: A Meta-analysis of 5 Decades of U.S. Draw-A-Scientist Studies. Child Dev. 2018;89(6):1943-55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13039

Milkman KL, Akinola M, Chugh D. What happens before? A field experiment exploring how pay and representation differentially shape bias on the pathway into organizations. J Appl Psychol. 2015;100(6):1678-712. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/apl0000022

Trix F, Psenka C. Exploring the color of glass: Letters of recommendation for female and male medical faculty. Discourse Soc. 2003;14(2):191-220. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926503014002277

Withers M. Agnodike: the first midwife/obstetrician. J Nurse Midwifery. 1979;24(3):4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-2182(79)90072-7

Winkelstein W Jr. Alice Hamilton: pioneer occupational epidemiologist. Epidemiology. 2006;17(5):591. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000229952.68394.26

Mahmoudi M, Poorman JA, Silver JK. Representation of women among scientific Nobel Prize nominees. Lancet. 2019;394(10212):1905-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32538-3

CONACYT. Listado de Investigadores Vigentes por Grado, Nivel, Adscripción, Entidad Federativa y Área de conocimiento 2018. Available from: https://datos.gob.mx/busca/dataset/sistema-nacional-de-investigadores; updated 2018; cited Mar 2022.

Segovia-Saiz C, Briones-Vozmediano E, Pastells-Peiró R, González-María E, Gea-Sánchez M. Techo de cristal y desigualdades de género en la carrera profesional de las mujeres académicas e investigadoras en ciencias biomédicas [Glass ceiling and gender inequalities in the careers of women academics in biomedical sciences]. Gac Sanit. 2020;34(4):403-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.10.008

Ribeiras R. Women in cardiology: Between the "glass ceiling" and the "sticky floor". Rev Port Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2021;40(7):505-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.repc.2021.05.001

Burns KEA, Straus SE, Liu K, Rizvi L, Guyatt G. Gender differences in grant and personnel award funding rates at the Canadian Institutes of Health Research based on research content area: A retrospective analysis. PLoS Med. 2019;16(10):e1002935. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002935

Julia Riccardi, Nicole I. Farber, Vanessa Ho, Stephanie L. Bonne, Uncovering Disparities in Scholarly Productivity among Junior Surgical Society Grant Recipients. J Surg Res. 2021;257:128-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.07.057

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Women in Science. Available from: http://uis.unesco.org/; updated 2019 June; cited 2022 Mar.



How to Cite

González Cruz, D. C., Jezzini Martínez, S., Leyva Camacho, P. C., De la Rosa-Rodríguez, I. J., Flores Rodríguez, A., Raygoza Cortez, K., & García Leal, M. (2023). Women in Science: A Student Workshop at a University in Mexico. International Journal of Medical Students, 11(1), 80–84. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2023.1435