The Use of Activated Charcoal for Acute Poisonings

  • Juliana Bonilla-Velez Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
  • Juliana Bonilla-Velez Program of Medicine and Surgery, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia.
  • Darly J Marin-Cuero Program of Medicine and Surgery, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia
  • Darly J Marin-Cuero Program of Medicine and Surgery, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia.
Keywords: Charcoal, decontamination, poisoning, toxicology

Abstract

Poisoning results from the ingestion of or contact with harmful substances including overdose or incorrect use of any drug or medication. Decontamination measures prevent the absorption of the substance from the gastrointestinal tract to minimize systemic effects. Activated charcoal is the intervention most frequently used in the initial management of patients with acute intoxications. The use of activated charcoal has decreased over time, but there may be a subgroup of patients who would benefit from its use. In this review we describe the epidemiology of intoxications, the composition and pharmacology of activated charcoal, indications and dosing for use of single dose and multiple doses of charcoal, contraindications, complications and a summary for recommended use of this measure based on published studies.

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Published
2017-03-24
How to Cite
Bonilla-Velez, J., Bonilla-Velez, J., J Marin-Cuero, D., & J Marin-Cuero, D. (2017). The Use of Activated Charcoal for Acute Poisonings. International Journal of Medical Students, 5(1), 45-52. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2017.169
Section
Review