Burnout Among First-Year Medical Students During COVID-19 Pandemic in Mexico: A Cross-Sectional Study
Keywords:Psychological burnout, COVID-19, Pandemic, Medical students
Background: The coronavirus pandemic is an international public health emergency without precedence in modern history. It represents a challenge to students’ academic and psychological stability due to the changes it caused in daily life. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and level of burnout in medical students caused by the academic and psychological instability that the pandemic represents.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was designed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS). This evaluated the emotional exhaustion due to study demands, cynicism, and negative self-academic efficacy. This study was based in the school of medicine of the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon (UANL) in Monterrey, Mexico, during the Spring semester of 2020.
Results: A total of 154 (93 women and 61 men) first-year medical students participated (response rate of 36.4%). Burnout was identified in 14.9% (n=23), and high emotional exhaustion in 53.9% (n=83). Burnout was almost 4 times more likely to develop in men than in women (aOR = 4.8; 95% Confidence Interval=1.7-13.3) when considering age as a covariable in the multivariable model.
Conclusion: Further epidemiological studies of burnout syndrome in medical students are needed, and schools should consider promoting mental health and making programs available for their students to help overcome the emotional and social challenges during the pandemic.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Sofía Jezzini-Martinez, Javier Humberto Martinez-Garza, Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Pablo Patricio Zarate-Garza, Guillermo Jacobo-Baca, Jorge Gutierrez-De la O, David de la Fuente-Villarreal, Yolanda Salinas-Alvarez, Rodrigo Enrique Elizondo-Omaña, Santos Guzman-Lopez
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