Participatory Learning of Medical Students through Development of Innovative Training Modules for Community Health Workers
Keywords:Students, Medical, Education, Community Medicine, Health Workers, Health Education
Background: Community Medicine is a subject which receives relatively less attention in medical curriculum. Active participation of students in preparation of training modules for Community Health Workers (CHWs) could facilitate their learning in topics related to Community Medicine. This study aimed to involve medical students in the preparation of training modules for CHWs and assess the effects of their participation on their knowledge about targeted diseases.
Methods: An interventional study where all 144 undergraduate fifth-semester students from Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical College, Pune, India posted at Community Medicine Department participated in the preparation of training modules for CHWs on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and diabetes and completed pre- and post-intervention questionnaire. Each completed questionnaire was assigned a score based on a marking system. The data was analysed using paired t test.
Results: Statistically significant improvement in knowledge was found (pre-test mean score: 5.79, post-test mean score: 14.15, t = 26.93, p<0.001). All faculty opined that community visits followed by health education module preparation activity were innovative components in this study. All 119 participants agreed that their knowledge about targeted diseases improved due to module preparation activity.
Conclusion: Active participation of students can facilitate their learning behavior. Students became aware of the principles of ‘Group Dynamics’ as a result of active involvement in training module preparation.
2. Tejinder S, Piyush G, Daljit S. Principles of medical education.4th ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; 2013.
3. Prasad BM, Muraleedharan VR. Community health workers: a review of concepts, practice and policy concerns. International Consortium for Re¬search on Equitable Health Systems; 2007.
4. Global Health Workforce Alliance, World Health Organization. Global expe¬rience of community health workers for delivery of health related millennium development goals. a systematic review, country case studies, and recom¬mendations for integration into national health systems. Geneva: World Heal¬th Organization; 2010.
5. Park K. Textbook of preventive and social medicine. 23 rd ed. Jabalpur (India): Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2015.
6. Harden RM, Sowden S, Dunn WR. Educational strategies in curriculum development: the SPICES Model. Med Educ. 1984 July;18(4):284-97.
7. Rao P, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Student participation in community-based participatory research to improve migrant and seasonal farmworker envi¬ronmental health: issues for success. J Environ Educ. 2004 Jan;35(2):3-15.
8. Rezende-Filho FM, da Fonseca LJ, Nunes-Souza V, Guedes Gda S, Rabelo LA. A student-centered approach for developing active learning: the construction of physical models as a teaching tool in medical physiology. BMC Med Educ. 2014 Sep 15;14:189.
9. Sward KA, Richardson S, Kendrick J, Maloney C. Use of a Web-based game to teach paediatric content to medical students. Ambul Pediatr. 2008 Nov- Dec;8(6):354-9.
10. Sprengel AD. Learning can be fun with gaming. J Nurs Educ. 1994 Apr;33(4):151-2.
11. Wankat PC. The effective efficient professor: teaching, scholarship and service. Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 2002.
12. Hake R. Interactive-engagement vs. traditional methods: a six-thou¬sand-student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses. Am J Phys. 1998 Jan;66(1):64-74.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site; with the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from the Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Enforcement of copyright
The IJMS takes the protection of copyright very seriously.
If the IJMS discovers that you have used its copyright materials in contravention of the license above, the IJMS may bring legal proceedings against you seeking reparation and an injunction to stop you using those materials. You could also be ordered to pay legal costs.
If you become aware of any use of the IJMS' copyright materials that contravenes or may contravene the license above, please report this by email to firstname.lastname@example.org
If you become aware of any material on the website that you believe infringes your or any other person's copyright, please report this by email to email@example.com