Effect of COVID-19 Lockdown on Health of Police Personnel in Eluru, Andhra Pradesh





COVID-19 , Police Personnel, Mental Health, Lockdown Duties


Background: COVID-19 has had an impact on all sectors of society. However, the impacts on police personnel has not been discussed enough. This study aims to identify the effects that COVID-19 lockdown duties had on the police personnel of Eluru, India.

Methods: Data was collected from the available personnel in the substations of Eluru (n=82). After taking informed consent, a questionnaire was administered with three parts: A (socio-demographic details, co-morbidities information and vitals), B (DASS-21 questionnaire), and C (sleep schedule and habits).

Results: Among the total respondents, 30.4% of the total respondents have significant levels of stress and 17.07% have significant levels of anxiety. Psychological impact had a positive correlation with gender, marital status and age group. Females, married officers and officers in older age groups were found to have higher levels of anxiety. Majority of the respondents got 7 hours or more sleep. The police regularly use stimulants with tea being the most common (84.1%), drinking an avg. 2 cups per day. This study found no correlation between BMI, presence of comorbidity (Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus), and the sleeping habits with psychological impact; however, there was a notable increase in the blood pressure and blood sugar levels post-lockdown.

Conclusion: Due to the retrospective nature of the study, the police personnel of Eluru have grown accustomed to the lockdown duties and appear to have developed coping mechanisms. Regardless, it is recommended to encourage further studies regarding the health of police officers and the COVID-19 impacts on the health of police personnel.


Coronaviruses [Internet]. National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. [Internet]. Interpol.int. 2020. Available from: https://www.interpol.int/en/How-we-work/COVID-19 Last Accessed October 25, 2021.

Tee ML, Tee CA, Anlacan JP, Alitame KJ, Reyes PW, Kuruchittham V, Ho RC. Psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines. Journal of affective disorders. 2020;277:379-91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.08.043

https://www.apa.org. 2010. Stress effects on the body. [online] Available at: https://www.apa.org/topics/stress/body. Last Accessed 19 October 19, 2021.

Ingegnoli F, Buoli M, Posio C, Di Taranto R, Muscio AL, Cumbo E, Ostuzzi S, Caporali R. Covid-19 related poor mental health and sleep disorders in rheumatic patients: a citizen science project. BMC Psychiatry. 2021;21(1):385 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03389-7

Now, a handbook on COVID-19 ‘policing’ [Internet]. The Hindu. 2021 Available from: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/now-a-handbook-on-covid-19-policing/article31822874.ece. Last Accessed October 19, 2021.

Khadse P A, Gowda G S, Ganjekar S, Desai G, Murthy P. Mental Health Impact of COVID-19 on Police Personnel in India [Internet]. 2020 Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7735249/#bibr1-0253717620963345. Last Accessed February 19, 2021.

Singh S, Kumar Kar S. Sources of occupational stress in the police personnel of North India: An exploratory study [Internet]. 2015. Available from: https://www.ijoem.com/article.asp?issn=0973-2284;year=2015;volume=19;issue=1;spage=56;epage=60;aulast=Singh. Last Accessed 19 February 19, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5278.157012

COVID-19 RESOURCES [Internet]. Policefoundationindia.org. 2021. Available from: https://www.policefoundationindia.org/covid-19-resources. Last Accessed February 19, 2021.

COVID-19 pandemic lockdown-induced altered sleep/wake circadian rhythm, health complaints and stress among traffic police personnel in India [Internet]. Taylor & Francis. 2021. Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07420528.2020.1831524. Last Accessed February 19, 2021.

Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (dass) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behav Res Ther. 1995;33(3):335-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(94)00075-U

Grover S, Sahoo S, Dua D, Mehra A, Nehra R. Psychological impact of covid-19 duties during lockdown on police personnel and their perception about the behavior of the people: An exploratory study from india. Int J Ment Health Addict. 2022;20(2):831-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00408-8

Husain W, Sajjad R. Depression, anxiety and stress among female and male police officers. Pak. J. Clin. Psychol. 2014;13(1)

Tsehay M, Necho M, Gelaye H, Beyene A, Birkie M. Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms, and sleep problem during covid-19 outbreak in ethiopia among police officers: a cross-sectional survey. Front Psychol. 2021;12:713954. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.713954

Al-Rabiaah A, Temsah MH, Al-Eyadhy AA, Hasan GM, Al-Zamil F, Al-Subaie S, Alsohime F, Jamal A, Alhaboob A, Al-Saadi B, Somily AM. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) associated stress among medical students at a university teaching hospital in Saudi Arabia. J Infect Public Health. 2020;13(5):687-91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2020.01.005

Sloan MM, Haner M, Graham A, Cullen FT, Pickett JT, Jonson CL. Pandemic emotions: The extent, correlates, and mental health consequences of fear of COVID-19. Sociol. Spectr. 2021;41(5):369-86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02732173.2021.1926380

Vancini RL, de Lira CA, Anceschi SA, Rosa AV, Lima-Leopoldo AP, Leopoldo AS, Rufo-Tavares W, Andrade MS, Nikolaidis PT, Rosemann T, Knechtle B. Anxiety, depression symptoms, and physical activity levels of eutrophic and excess-weight Brazilian elite police officers: a preliminary study. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2018;11:589-95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S186128

Dey A, Majumdar P, Saha A, Sahu S. COVID-19 pandemic lockdown-induced altered sleep/wake circadian rhythm, health complaints and stress among traffic police personnel in India. Chronobiol Int. 2021;38(1):140-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07420528.2020.1831524

Chen IH, Lin CY, Zheng X, Griffiths MD. Assessing mental health for China’s police: psychometric features of the Self-Rating Depression Scale and Symptom Checklist 90-Revised. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(8):2737. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082737

Sneha CR, Reddy MM, Nongmeikapam M, Narayana JS. Awareness and attitude toward mental illness among a rural population in Kolar. Indian J. Soc. Psychiatry. 2019;35(1):69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_23_18

Kallakuri S, Kaur A, Hackett ML, Maulik PK. Operational challenges in the implementation of an anti-stigma campaign in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Public Health. J Public Health (Oxf). 2021;43(Suppl 2):ii26-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdab314

Guttikonda A, Shajan AM, Hephzibah A, Jones AS, Susanna J, Neethu S, Poornima S, Jala SM, Arputharaj D, John D, Natta N. Perceived stigma regarding mental illnesses among rural adults in Vellore, Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Psychol Med. 2019;41(2):173-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_297_18

Alosaimi FD, Al-Sultan OA, Alghamdi QA, Almohaimeed IK, Alqannas SI. Gender-specific differences in depression and anxiety symptoms and help-seeking behavior among gastroenterology patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2014;19(3):203-9.


2023-06-09 — Updated on 2023-06-30

How to Cite

Mediboina, A., & Bhupathi, M. (2023). Effect of COVID-19 Lockdown on Health of Police Personnel in Eluru, Andhra Pradesh . International Journal of Medical Students, 11(2), 107–113. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2023.1981