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Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Preventive Strategies Against COVID-19 Pandemic Among Nigerian Young Adults: A Cross-Sectional Survey


  • Olubunmi Odeyemi College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
  • James Eyitayo College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
  • Oloruntoba Ogunfolaji College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
  • Shekinah Williams College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
  • Michael Akande College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
  • Onaopemipo Oritsema College of Medicine, University of Ibadan



Attitude, knowledge, prevention, Practices, COVID-19


Background: Since the COVID-19 pandemic, a lot of efforts have been aimed at promoting preventive measures towards curtailing the spread of the disease. The effectiveness and compliance with these measures are mostly determined by the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) of the citizenry. We sought to determine the KAP of young Nigerian adults towards preventive strategies against COVID-19.

Methods: An online survey was done using an 18-question questionnaire to assess the KAP among young Nigerian adults. Data obtained were screened for error and analyzed with SPSS version 23.

Results: A total of 925 valid responses were received with a 96.25% response rate. Females made up 52.4% of the respondents, 62.4% were aged between 21-24 and 88.4% were from South-western Nigeria. The mean knowledge score was 9.02 (SD=1.19) with a maximum possible knowledge score of 13. Most of the respondents (91.7%) agreed that COVID-19 will eventually be successfully controlled. Only 31.1% had been wearing masks when leaving home. The confidence of winning the battle against COVID-19 differed significantly across the ethnic groups (p<0.01). Ages between 15 and 24 were morelikely to visit crowded places, p<0.01. There was an association between the wearing of a mask and level of education (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The study revealed a good knowledge level and an optimistic attitude towards the control of the pandemic. However, much more work needs to be done by the government and health officials to translate these to better practices towards prevention and control as the battle against the COVID-19 pandemic continues.


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How to Cite

Odeyemi, O., Eyitayo, J., Ogunfolaji, O., Williams, S., Akande, M., & Oritsema, O. (2021). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Preventive Strategies Against COVID-19 Pandemic Among Nigerian Young Adults: A Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Medical Students, 9(4).



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